History.

Collies are descended from herding dogs originating in Scotland and Wales. The Scottish version was a big, strong, aggressive dog, bred to herd highland sheep. The Welsh variant was small, agile, tame and friendly, also herded goats. When the English saw the dogs in the Birmingham market, they crossed them with their own shepherd dogs and had a mixture of short and long-haired varieties. After the Industrial Revolution (18th and 19th century) was a fashion dog ownership.

In 1848, Queen Victoria was introduced to Collies at Balmoral Castle Kennels. She was captivated by these intelligent dogs and brought a few back with her to London.

In connection with the organized exhibitions between 1860 and 1890 was a show standard described by John Henry Walsh, who not even owned a collie, but felt as expert enough in almost every breed of dog to describe a standard where they could be judged by appearance alone. Soon breeding restated this standard which points are awarded for head shape, size, coat length and coat color. Collie's ability to work and receive commands were not awarded a single point.

In 1893 Collie fate took another bad turn. Zsar Nicholas II sent 15 Borzois to Queen Victoria, as a diplomatic gift. These Borsoi were crossed with Collie and thus contributed to the slightly odd looking, narrow-headed, as we now know as "Lassie", rough-coated Collie.

While show dogs became more and more homogeneous, the working dogs of varying sizes and colors. Some had short coats and sticky ears, others had long coats and kip ears. The dogs could vary from 25 pounds to 75 pounds in a wide range of colors. About the only thing these dogs had in common was an obsessive devotion to the work created by breeding for generations.

In the 1960s, it was a taller dog than it is today. Earlier dogs were also more robust in construction and could cover up to 100 mil in a day. In Britain the dog no longer herding, which has been replaced by the much more labor eager Border Collie. In the U.S. and several European countries, there has been a resurgence in the use of Collie as a working dog.

Collie Club of America is one of the oldest breed-specific clubs that exist in the U.S. (founded in 1886). Collie Club in England was founded in 1881.

Unfortunately, the exact Collie breed history and origin shrouded in darkness. It has been the subject of much research and speculation. The word "Collie" is as obscure as the breed itself. The name has been spelled in many different ways: Coll, Colley, Coally and Coaly. The most generally accepted origin of the word is "Coll" - the Anglo-Saxon word for black. In the 18th century, the Collie's natural home in the Scottish Highlands, where he had been used for centuries as a sheepdog. The dogs were bred with great care to help their masters in the herding and guarding of their flock. Although the breed as we know it may have originated in Scotland, we think always of England as the true home of the breed. Without doubt, the English fascination with the end of the 1800s caused the development as a popular show dog. Collies were first exhibited in 1860 in Birmingham, England where the dog was shown in the generic class "Scotch Sheep-dogs" In 1879 became the first English Collie was imported to the U.S. It is from England that we find the famous pillars of the breed as the American breeders sought not only their next big winner, but also their foundation stock. At the turn of the century was the American Collie in a state of continued development. The breed continued to flourish in England.

In military service showed collie what it was worth as sanitary and ordonnance dog. In the 1960s, when TV dog Lassie came in vogue, there appeared many anxious and atypical collies up. Responsible breeders worked hard to win back Collie reputation.

Here is shown one of the first famous collie dog Ch. Sefton Hero painted by Walter Satterlee in 1891, which is great-grandfather to Balgreggie Hope. As the picture shows, this English dog has a definite stop. In our pedigree database is Trefoil (the offspring of Mr. SE Shirley's Twig and Bess), the oldest dated Collie born 19.3.1873. Trefoil was a Galway Collie and the ancestor of our modern Collie. However, it should prove to the American development was different in relation to developments in England.

This American collie Ch. Seedley Stirling (English import) was painted by F. Sinett in 1916 and is available today on Dog Museum of America. Descended from here you will find such Corydon Bella Donna from 1962. As the picture shows, this dog has a longer snout and with very little stop. Ch Magnet birth 1912 was exported to the U.S. at the age of 9 years and is said to be the backbone of the American Collie. The dog is also found in the English tribe. Often said Ch Halbury Jean is the mother of the American Collie.

Here is shown an English picture compared to the U.S. by Milton Dringwater in 1910, which clearly shows a somewhat different trend in England compared with America. Officially, the English are FCI current standard, but did not seem to always be everyone's perception of the breed. Occasionally one sees the phrase "the true collie" about the American type and not the English type. The reason for this could be due to the perception that "Lassie" the Hollywood movie is the expression of "the true collie" but in reality the expression of the American Collie. There is no doubt that the film sparked widespread popularity of the breed well into the 1970s and made its mark on people's perception of the breed. The modern English type did not have same media coverage and thus been suppressed by a tremendous media power and distortions in the perception of the breed. The film is otherwise based on Eric Knight's story "Lassie Come Home", which is based on a tricolor and not as in the film shown a sable Collie.